The Covid-19 crisis has shown how difficult European cooperation can be, especially in policy areas where the EU has only a legal competence to support member states. At first, all member states were inward-looking in their reactions, focusing on unilaterally closuring borders and focusing on crisis management at home. European solidarity has largely been absent. Ultimately, however, the lockdown realities across Europe are quite similar.

A new EPIN report assembles short and concise analyses from nineteen institutions from fifteen different countries – including the Austrian Society for European Politics – on the question how EU cooperation was perceived in the respective national context.